Magnates, Moguls, Tycoons
These are the names commonly used, especially by journalists, to refer to people in charge of big business empires. These words often combine as follows:
Among famous magnates you will find for example: Henry Ford, Martha Stewart, George Soros, Andrew Carnegie, and many more.
Among richest movie moguls you will find for example: George Lucas, Steven Spielberg, Thomas Tull, James Cameron, and others.
And of course, most famous tech tycoons are Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Jeff Bezos, and others.
Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of wine.
We all know this feeling of being tired in the morning right now in autumn. We want to sleep! We don't want to go to work or school. All we want is to stay in bed a bit longer. Not everyone can afford to sleep long enough, yet sleep is very important for our health and if you are deprived of it, you may suffer both physically and mentally.
How to talk about sleep
to crash out
to go to bed (informal)
I'm tired, I'm going to crash out.
to doze off
to fall asleep for a short time, without an intention
The lecture was so boring that I dozed off.
to hit the sack
to go to bed (informal)
I need to get up very early tomorrow. I'm going to hit the sack.
to nod off
to fall asleep, often in a sitting position
While watching a match I nodded off and didn't see the final.
to wake up later than intended, usually as the result you are late for something
Your boss will fire you if you oversleep again.
to lie in / to have a lie-in
to intentionally stay in bed and get up at a later time than normal
I'm so tired today that I think I will have a lie-in. It's Sunday, after all.
to sleep over
to sleep the night at another person's house
Mum, can I sleep over at Mary's tonight?
to be sound asleep
to be sleeping deeply
Be quiet! The kids are fast asleep.
to toss and turn all night
to sleep badly moving and changing position in bed
I spent the whole night tossing and turning - I couldn't stop thinking about today's exam.
to be wide awake
to be completely awake
It's two o'clock in the morning and I'm wide awake as I am still working on my presentation.
not to get a wink of sleep
not to sleep at all (especially all night)
My husband was snoring so badly that I couldn't get a wink of sleep last night.
Problems with sleep
Many people suffer from different problems connected with sleep. Here are some of the most common ones:
If you have insomnia you feel as if you don't get enough sleep at night, or you may have trouble falling asleep.
The noise that is produced while breathing.
It is a disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness.
Sleepwalkers can do many activities which may be dangerous, for example leaving the house while they are asleep.
If you are sleep deprived, it may have negative impact on you private and professional life. Watch Arianna Huffington and discover the power of sleep: How to succeed? Get more sleep.
BEC EXAM VANTAGE - SPEAKING PART 1
BEC exams are accepted by many employers worldwide as a proof of your competence in English and readiness to work successfully in international business.
To find out about the structure of the exam you can visit Cambridge English: Business Vantage.
The productive skills such as writing and speaking, which you have to demonstrate during the exam, seem to be most problematic, while listening and reading don't appear to cause so much trouble.
Below you will find a collection of questions which you might come across in Part 1 - which is a conversation between you and the examiner, and my proposal how to answer one of them.
How to approach Speaking Part 1:
Questions you may be asked in BEC Vantage Speaking Part 1:
1. What types of business are most sucessful in your home own?
2. Which aspects of business interest you most?
3. What training would you most like to have in the future?
4. Do you think companies should provide training for all staff?
5. Is it better to attend a full-time or part-time training course?
6. What kinds of work are most popular in your home town?
7. Which aspect of your work/studies do you enjoy most?
8. What are you planning to do next in your career?
9. Do you use computers much in your work/studies?
10. What changes in business do you expecct will happen in the future?
11. What kind of job would you most like to have?
12. What are the main products made in your home town?
13. How important do you think suitable packaging is for products?
14. What attract you to buy particular products?
15. What types of business in general do you think will be most successful in the future?
Below you will find my answer to:
5. Is it better to attend a full-time or part-time training course?
I am of the opinion that providing your employees with training is one of the core responsibilities of an employer, who first should identify needs for it and then try to make a plan of training and realise it. Whether it is better to attend a full-time or part-time training course very much depends on a few factors like the length of training, its frequency, intensity and so on. Based on these, an employer should decide whether his/her employee will be able to attend a training course without his performance being affected. It also crucial to consider the effectiveness of a full-time intensive course, as participants who for example take part in 8-hour training every day for a week are simply overloaded. To sum up, what I think is that attending a full-time or part-time training course must be decided upon taking into account things such as: the availability of course and attendants, their needs, intensity of the course and employer's budget.
Did you find this article helpful? If yes, why not dropping a comment below, or maybe you will try to answer one of the questions above?
Do you find it difficult to prepare for the exam on your own? I can help you unlock your potential. Contact me to schedule a trial lesson!.
I also encourage you to watch a short video, where you will see how this part of exam looks like:
When you are poor or in debt:
abject poverty - terrible poverty
Half the people in this country are living in abject poverty.
to live from hand to mouth - to barely manage financially
Many people are so poor that they live from hand to mouth.
can't make ends meet - find it difficult to manage financially
On a salary like his, it's not surprising that he can't make ends meet.
to be heavily in debt - to owe sb/the institution a lot of money
We are heavily in debt to the bank.
an outstanding debt - a debt that you have not paid
You must pay these outstanding debts immediately.
to be overdrawn - to be in debt to the bank because you have spent more money than you have in your account
Mary is $100 overdrawn at the bank.
to pay off/clear your debts - to pay the money you owe
We'll buy a new care once we have cleared our debts.
to be short of money - to have very little money
I'd love to go, but I'm a bit short of money at the moment.
Companies which export or import goods use standard arrangements called INCOTERMS (International Commercial Terms), established by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) that state the responsibilities of the buyer and the seller.
Incoterms can be divided into 4 groups:
E Terms (Departure)
F Terms (Free, Main Carriage Unpaid)
C Terms (Main Carriage Paid)
D Terms (Delivered/Arrival)
EXW / EX WORKS - the buyer collects the goods at the seller's own premises and arranges insurance against loss or damage to the goods in transit
FCA or Free Carrier - the goods are delivered to a named place where the carrier can load them onto a means of transport
FAS - Free Alongside Ship - the seller delivers the goods to the quay next to the ship in the port
FOB - Free On Board - the seller pays for loading the goods onto the ship
CFR - Cost and Freight (for ocean freight) and CPT - Carriage Paid To (for air freight and land freight) - the buyer is responsible for insurance
CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight (for ocean freight) and CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To (for air freight and land freight) - the seller arranges and pays for insurance
D Terms - the seller pays all the costs involved in transporting the goods to the country of destination, including insurance.
DAF - Delivered At Frontier - the importer is responsible for preparing the documentation and getting the goods through customs
DES - Delivered Ex Ship - the buyer pays for unloading the goods from the ship
DEQ - Delivered Ex Quay - the seller pays for unloading the goods from the ship to the quay, and for the payment of customs duties and taxes
DDU - Delivered Duty Unpaid - the buyer pays any imort taxes
DDP - Delivered Duty Paid - the seller pays any import taxes
There are moments we know someone is not telling truth, or basically they are lying. Obviously, we can simply call them a liar, but you may try some other phrases which could be less straightforward or neutral, or you may decide not to mince words and call a spade a spade. Learn some new phrases below:
You're pulling my leg.
That's a bit of an exaggeration.
He's stretching the truth.
He's not telling the whole truth.
She's being economical with truth.
His story is fishy.
That's an outright lie.
That's a pack of lies.
Business Idioms - Killer bees
Acquisitions & Takeovers
In order to avoid takeovers, companies may decide to hire firms or individuals that help them devise and implement anti-takeover strategies, which in turn make the target company less attractive or more difficult to acquire, by forcing acquirers to pay more, or by diluting the acquirer's holdings.
Do you want to learn more about Acquisitions in English? Contact me.
How to write an introduction to academic essays
Do you struggle with writing a decent introduction to your academic essay? Struggle no more. Below you'll find a perfectly clear design of an introduction, which can serve not only for IELTS, you can successfully apply it to any essays which require formal register.
If you still feel you need help, contact me to schedule your trial lesson.
Academic Writing - How to present an argument
Do you write a lot of essays, articles, assignments? Are you preparing for an exam like IELTS? Then you are required to present your arguments and to do so you have to use more formal style than when you speak. Learn how to do it right.
Developing an argument
These phrases are often used to open paragraphs. Pay attention to the prepostions.
be based on
This essay is based on the findings from recent research into insomnia.
for the purposes of
For the purposes of this article, the author will present two opposing thories.
I shall refer to Kawasaki's and Kotler's work, respectively.
The arguments I shall put forward are relevant to our understanding of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
on the subject of
There are many articles published on the subject of productivity at work.
with reference to
The first section reviews recent literature, with reference to the arguments concerning motivating factors.
Adding point to an argument
on top of
Bad diet, lack of exercise and stress are key factors in causing heart diseases; on top of that there is smoking, which additionally contributes to lung cancer.
in addition to
In addition to the survey, we carried out a number of interviews with some of the patients.
Drinking alcohol can lead to problems with liver. Moreover, drinking alcohol may impede cognitive abilities.
Do you need help with your writing? Contact me.
“Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people.”
How to talk about secrets and news.
People love gossiping. Either you are a gossip or they gossip about you. Learn a handful of phrases to describe the very act of gossiping.
to confide - zwierzyć się
- to tell something secret or personal to someone who you trust not to tell anyone else
My friend confided to me that she was pregnant.
to drop a bombshell - oznajmić złą wiadomość
- to announce a sudden and often unpleasant piece of news
My son dropped a bombshell by informing us that he was going abroad.
eavesdrop (on a conversation) - podsłuchać
- to listen to someone's private conversation without them knowing:
He was eavesdropping on our conversation.
to overhear - przypadkowo podsłyszeć
- to hear what other people are saying without intending to and without their knowledge
I accidentally overheard them say they were going to fire you.
to gossip - plotkować
- to talk about other people's private lives
The employees started to gossip about their affair.
a gossip (gossipmonger) - plotkarz
- someone who enjoys talking about other people and their private lives
My mum is a terrible gossip.
indiscreet - niedyskretny
- saying things that should be secret
The actor was rather indiscreet about his relationship.
a rumour - pogłoska
- an unofficial interesting story or piece of news that might be true, and quickly spreads from person to person
Rumours are going round about CEO and his assistant.
to tell in the strictest confidence - w największej tajemnicy
- expecting not to tell it anyone else
I'm telling you this in the strictest confidence.
be the soul of discretion - uosobienie dyskrecji
- a person who keeps a secret
Don't worry, I'm the soul of discretion when it comes to delicate matters.
to breathe a word to somebody - pisnąć słowko
- to reveal the secret
You cannot breathe a word of this to anybody.
don't quote me on this - nie powołuj się na mnie
- do not tell other people I said this
Don't quote me on this, but I saw our neighbour cheat on his wife.
it's very hush-hush - to ściścle tajne
- highly confidential
It's very hush-hush, don't tell anyone!
be under wraps - trzymać w tajemnicy, zamieść pod dywan
- keep as a secret
These incidents have to be kept under wraps, or we will lose our jobs.
hear on the grapevine - uslyszeć pocztą pantoflową
- find out about something unofficially
I heard on the grapevine he is being promoted.
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