There are moments we know someone is not telling truth, or basically they are lying. Obviously, we can simply call them a liar, but you may try some other phrases which could be less straightforward or neutral, or you may decide not to mince words and call a spade a spade. Learn some new phrases below:
You're pulling my leg.
That's a bit of an exaggeration.
He's stretching the truth.
He's not telling the whole truth.
She's being economical with truth.
His story is fishy.
That's an outright lie.
That's a pack of lies.
Business Idioms - Killer bees
Acquisitions & Takeovers
In order to avoid takeovers, companies may decide to hire firms or individuals that help them devise and implement anti-takeover strategies, which in turn make the target company less attractive or more difficult to acquire, by forcing acquirers to pay more, or by diluting the acquirer's holdings.
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How to write an introduction to academic essays
Do you struggle with writing a decent introduction to your academic essay? Struggle no more. Below you'll find a perfectly clear design of an introduction, which can serve not only for IELTS, you can successfully apply it to any essays which require formal register.
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Academic Writing - How to present an argument
Do you write a lot of essays, articles, assignments? Are you preparing for an exam like IELTS? Then you are required to present your arguments and to do so you have to use more formal style than when you speak. Learn how to do it right.
Developing an argument
These phrases are often used to open paragraphs. Pay attention to the prepostions.
be based on
This essay is based on the findings from recent research into insomnia.
for the purposes of
For the purposes of this article, the author will present two opposing thories.
I shall refer to Kawasaki's and Kotler's work, respectively.
The arguments I shall put forward are relevant to our understanding of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
on the subject of
There are many articles published on the subject of productivity at work.
with reference to
The first section reviews recent literature, with reference to the arguments concerning motivating factors.
Adding point to an argument
on top of
Bad diet, lack of exercise and stress are key factors in causing heart diseases; on top of that there is smoking, which additionally contributes to lung cancer.
in addition to
In addition to the survey, we carried out a number of interviews with some of the patients.
Drinking alcohol can lead to problems with liver. Moreover, drinking alcohol may impede cognitive abilities.
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“Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people.”
How to talk about secrets and news.
People love gossiping. Either you are a gossip or they gossip about you. Learn a handful of phrases to describe the very act of gossiping.
to confide - zwierzyć się
- to tell something secret or personal to someone who you trust not to tell anyone else
My friend confided to me that she was pregnant.
to drop a bombshell - oznajmić złą wiadomość
- to announce a sudden and often unpleasant piece of news
My son dropped a bombshell by informing us that he was going abroad.
eavesdrop (on a conversation) - podsłuchać
- to listen to someone's private conversation without them knowing:
He was eavesdropping on our conversation.
to overhear - przypadkowo podsłyszeć
- to hear what other people are saying without intending to and without their knowledge
I accidentally overheard them say they were going to fire you.
to gossip - plotkować
- to talk about other people's private lives
The employees started to gossip about their affair.
a gossip (gossipmonger) - plotkarz
- someone who enjoys talking about other people and their private lives
My mum is a terrible gossip.
indiscreet - niedyskretny
- saying things that should be secret
The actor was rather indiscreet about his relationship.
a rumour - pogłoska
- an unofficial interesting story or piece of news that might be true, and quickly spreads from person to person
Rumours are going round about CEO and his assistant.
to tell in the strictest confidence - w największej tajemnicy
- expecting not to tell it anyone else
I'm telling you this in the strictest confidence.
be the soul of discretion - uosobienie dyskrecji
- a person who keeps a secret
Don't worry, I'm the soul of discretion when it comes to delicate matters.
to breathe a word to somebody - pisnąć słowko
- to reveal the secret
You cannot breathe a word of this to anybody.
don't quote me on this - nie powołuj się na mnie
- do not tell other people I said this
Don't quote me on this, but I saw our neighbour cheat on his wife.
it's very hush-hush - to ściścle tajne
- highly confidential
It's very hush-hush, don't tell anyone!
be under wraps - trzymać w tajemnicy, zamieść pod dywan
- keep as a secret
These incidents have to be kept under wraps, or we will lose our jobs.
hear on the grapevine - uslyszeć pocztą pantoflową
- find out about something unofficially
I heard on the grapevine he is being promoted.
How to talk about decisions
A pessimist, confronted with two bad choices, chooses both.
Everyone has to make decisions. Sometimes they are less important, but sometimes they are life-changing ones. Learn new phrases to equip yourself with the language which will help you to talk about your choices and decisions.
TO BE IN TWO MINDS ABOUT STH - whether to do it or not
I'm in two minds about going to Jennifer's party.
TO BE SHORTLISTED - to be chosen from a large number of applicants for a job
Mary has been shortlisted for the position of marketing manager and now she is preparing for a job interview.
TO BE SPOILT FOR CHOICE - to have a lot of similar things to choose from
The restaurant has a big variety of dishes. I'm spoilt for choice and don't know what to choose.
TO HAVE A CHANGE OF HEART - to change the way you feel about sth
I wasn't going to do that, but I had a change of heart and did it.
TO HAVE NO ALTERNATIVE BUT TO ... - to have no other choice
If you don't pay, I will have no alternative but to take legal action against you.
TO OPT FOR - to choose to do something
After much deliberation, I opted for the car.
TO REACH / COME TO / ARRIVE AT A DECISION - to decide
We have reached a decision concerning changing flats.
TO SIT ON THE FENCE - to delay making a decision when you have to choose between two sided in an argument
She criticized members of the committee for sitting on the fence and failing to make a useful contribution to the debate.
TO BE TORN BETWEEN ST AND STH - to find two things attractive and not be able to decide between them
I don't know which dress to choose. I'm torn between blue and purple.
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Are you a FAT CAT?
There is a lot of public anger about corporate fat cats and their huge bonuses.
How to talk about hot weather
The article above provides a few expressions used to describe hot weather. Read below to learn a few more.
to be baking / boiling (hot) - to be very hot
It has been boiling hot all week in Poland.
a drought - a long period of time with little or no rain
If the drought continues, water will have to be rationed.
to be muggy - hot, wet and uncomfortable
London is very hot and muggy this summer.
a scorcher - a very hot day.
Saturday was a real scorcher.
to be sweltering - to be uncomfortably hot
It's sweltering outside.
What's the weather like in your country/city?
Imagine being asked to discuss the advangages and disadvantages of a certain development during your IELTS exam writing task 2, how will you word your ideas? These ready made phrases below will make your life way easier and help you score much higher.
One benefit of (doing something) is ...
A further argument in favour of (doing something) is ...
(Doing something) may also be beneficial because ...
(Something) may also be advantageous because ...
(Soing something) may be invaluable later on because ...
This kind of (something) may be of considerable benefit in the way that ...
In the long run, there may be certain negative outcomes, for example ...
A major downside to this form of (something) might be that ...
A secondary drawback is that ...
One other unfortunate aspects of this (something) is that ...
If you feel you may need some help with your writing, do not hesitate to contact me.
HOW TO START PREPARING FOR A JOB INTERVIEW IN ENGLISH
Once you have applied for a position and been lucky to get invited to a job interview, you need to seize the opportunity to present yourself in the best possible way. One of the ways to deal with the preparation is to find the key words and phrases for your position, and then use them while talking about your skills, competencies or experience.
Make the recruiter hear what they want to hear; it was them who wrote the job description, and they will be seeking in you the features included in the description. You will also see sets of words used for specific jobs within an industry in other job descriptions, so why not use it to your advantage. Search similar job ads and descriptions online, write down the most often repeating phrases, use a dictionary to understand their meanings. Even if you find out that the words used are not the same, they will fall into similar categories.
PHRASES THAT REPEAT IN JOB DESCRIPTIONS
communication skills - eg. excellent communication skills
confidentiality - eg. ability to handle confidential information
self-starter - eg. ability to work witout supervision
prioritizing and multitasking - eg. must be able to handle multiple projects simultanously
organised - eg. needs to be a quick learner and highly organized with excellent follow-up skills.
problem solving skills - eg. must have a go-getting attitude
analyzing skills - eg. ability to create and analyze reports, spreadsheets.
HOW TO PREPARE YOUR PERFECT PHRASE
Now, that you have analysed the job description and found the phrases that repeat, you can use them in a job interview to present your best features that match the requirements.
An example of a job advertisement for the position of Personal Assistant / Office Manager:
'...To be considered for the position, you must be a fast worker with the ability to multi-task. In addition, you must possess the following key skills and experience:
• Experience in a similar role or proven track record
• Excellent communication skills, both written and verbal
• Excellent interpersonal skills
• Ability to liaise with clients confidently and professionally,
• Professional and confident telephone manner
• Computer literate
• High level of numeracy and literacy
• Extremely self-motivated
• Strong organisational skills ...'
Now using the above example you can formulate your perfect phrase:
"I can see that someone who is a great communicator with excellent interpersonal skills and the ability to cooperate with clients in a confidential and professional manner is your ideal candidate. I believe that the description matches with my skills completely. Apart from all these, I am also proficient in using computer and have numeracy and literacy skills. Additionally, my coworkers and previous bosses complimented me on my exceptional organisational skills."
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