Employees may want to take some time off for different reasons, or they are entitled to a holiday from work. Below you will find some vocabulary describing different types of holiday and time off work.
STATUTORY HOLIDAY is fixed by law
MATERNITY LEAVE is a period when a woman is away from work to have a baby (but is still paid)
PATERNITY LEAVE is a period of leave given to a father when his partner has a baby
UNPAID LEAVE is when an employee receives no money
SICK LEAVE is when an employee is ill and cannot come to work
CASUAL LEAVE is given to an employee to help him/her deal with personal affairs
GARDENING LEAVE is a period of leave during which an employee is not allowed into the company offices, usually after being dismissed
SABBATICAL is a period of paid or unpaid time off work for the purposes of research, study or travel, usually used by teachers, professors
PUBLIC HOLIDAY is when all employees in the country are allowed to take a day off (BANK HOLIDAY - UK, LEGAL HOLIDAY - US)
UNAUTHORISED ABSENCE FROM WORK is when an employee is away from work without permission and without a good reason (AWOL - absent without leave)
TIME OFF IN LIEU (TOIL) is when an employee gets time off from work instead of pay for overtime
HOW TO TALK ABOUT NUMBERS THAT ARE APPROXIMATE
If you don't know the exact figure, or simply don't want to give it, for any reason, you can use the adverbs meaning 'more or less'. There is a wide array of phrases you can use to describe the value without giving the precise number. Here you'll find a handful of them.
ABOUT, AROUND, ROUGHLY, IN THE REGION OF
There were roughly 250 participants at the conference.
It will cost in the region of a 1.5 m dollars.
after a figure
Only 15 or so people came to the meeting.
Let's meet at 4-ish, shall we?
NEARLY, ALMOST, JUST UNDER, JUST SHORT OF, THE BEST PART OF
a figure that is slightly less than the one stated
The company sold almost 1,000 items.
We'll be working on this project for the best part of 1.5 years.
The share price was just under 6.5 dollars.
UPWARDS OF, JUST OVER, A LITTLE OVER, SOMETHING OVER
a figure that is more than the one stated
It will cost upwards of 20 grand a month.
They earned just over 2.6 m euro on this transaction.
colloquial noun phrases like A BALL-PARK FIGURE, A GUESSTIMATE
can indicate that a figure is approximate
I can only give you a ball-park figure.
Pleas bear in mind that this total is just a guesstimate.
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- teacher of English
- interpreter PL-EN, EN-PL
- B.A in English Linguistics, M.A in Linguistics, Sworn and Business Translations, Financial Analysis and Reporting
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